Whose Business Are You About?
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Delivered By
Pastor Ed Dinkins
Delivered On
December 27, 2015
Central Passage
Luke 2:41-57
Fourth Sunday Service

Data Commentary - "My Father's Business" - Authored by Dr. G. Flattery

The aim of this message is to encourage people to believe in Christ and to be committed to His business. The text, Luke 2:41-52, gives us the first recorded public words spoken by Jesus. What Jesus said here, at age 12, has an impact on all of our personal lives and our family relationships.

The Duty of Jesus

Jesus was concerned about His Father's business. His main desire was to do the will of His Father and to accomplish His purpose. He makes this clear in what He says next.

The Question

Seeing the concern of His parents, Jesus asked two questions. The second question literally asks, "Did you not know that I had to be "in the things of my Father." Translators differ as to what "the things" are. The main translations are "in my Father's house" or "about my Father's business." Others translate this phrase with the words "in the affairs of my Father" or "among the relatives of my Father." 

Father's Business

Jesus claimed that He must be about His "father's business." What was His Father's business? When His parents found Him, He was "sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them, and asking them questions."

Jesus was in the Temple as a thoughtful learner, not as a teacher. When the rabbis taught, they asked a lot of questions. Students would answer and ask their own questions. It was very interactive. At the time, the business of the Father for Jesus was to be a learner.

The full nature of "Father's business" would become clearer later in the ministry of Jesus. We have previews in Luke 1:30-35 and 2:26-32. Jesus Himself made a strong and comprehensive declaration in the synagogue at Nazareth. Quoting Isaiah 61:1-2, he proclaimed (Luke 4:18-19):

18 "The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are downtrodden,
19 To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord." (NAS)

Throughout His ministry, Jesus proclaimed the gospel of the kingdom, He healed the sick, He cast out devils, He proclaimed release to the captives, and He set free those who were downtrodden. The more political aspects of this proclamation will be fulfilled in a greater way when He returns to rule over the earth. The ultimate consummation of His Father's business is still ahead.

Our Task

We are often challenged to valiantly do our work. Sometimes, however, we are not clear on what that task is.

Robert Orben asks, "Who can ever forget Winston Churchill's immortal words: 'We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills.' It sounds exactly like our family vacation."

However, we need not be unclear. Jesus has given us specific commands. What is our task? Today we have focused on the first recorded words of Jesus. As we continue to read His words, His heart and vision become clear. He desires that all people everywhere hear His gospel. He has given the command to "go" and we must obey.


First, we have noted that children, no matter how intelligent, should obey their parents. Parents, on the other hand, should make room for the uniqueness of their children. Second, Jesus alone was the unique divine-human Son of God, but we have a strong sense of identity as human sons of God. Third, like Christ, we can have a strong sense of destiny. We know that God has a plan for our lives. Fourth, we must be obedient to the commands of Christ. We must be about the Father's business.


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